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The Red Cross

A few years later the German army started painting the Red Cross symbol on its horse-drawn ambulances.

In 1897 the American Red Cross raised $36,000 to buy 11 mule-drawn ambulances. Each carried four stretchers and a water cask under the driver’s seat.

After the battle of Solferino, Italy in 1859 a young Swiss named Jean Dunant worked with other bystanders to help thousands of wounded French, Italian and Austrian soldiers


He wrote a book about the experience and called for the creation of an international group to give relief in war. As a result the International Red Cross was created in 1863.

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